With the recent amendments to the federal and provincial election laws, the rules of the game have significantly changed. Unions and other organizations must be acutely aware of the limits which have been placed on their spending for elections. Moreover, the law relating to contributions to political parties and candidates has been fundamentally altered. The new laws are a "minefield" of problems for anyone wishing to participate in the election process. The laws are unclear and are fraught with ambiguity for anyone trying to understand their effect. Moreover, the new laws clearly infringe upon freedom of expression and association and will no doubt be challenged in the future by interested parties.